How To Care For A Ferret Tips And Tricks
The ferret is an amazing and beautiful mammal. He lives an average of six to ten years. Ferrets are very observant and curious, they are easy to train. One of the most important points to pay attention to is that ferrets are predators. And the nature of the predator can not be changed, even if you keep the ferret at home. Therefore, if the house has rats, hamsters, parrots, rats and some other small animals, they can be easy prey for the ferret.
Ferrets are fascinating at first sight: they are playful, funny and have a funny face. Ferrets easily make contact with people, however, at any time they can show character, if there are guests in the house, it is worth considering this. The ferret can perceive new people as strangers and show teeth. There are many questions about caring for the beast, how to feed it and how to treat it in case of illness.
Caring for a Ferret
If more than one ferret is planned to be accommodated in the building, it is necessary to allocate a large space for them where household items and lounges of each animal will be located.
Ferret needs to start educate from early childhood. Only by opening their eyes, the cubs are in constant motion and try everything that comes across their teeth. The young animal begins to assert itself and show its character to the owners. It is necessary to explain to the beast what to do and what to do. It happens that during a game a little ferret can bite the owner, in this situation you need to immediately explain to your pet that such actions are unacceptable: it is recommended to take the ferret by the scruff of the neck, shake it lightly and say loudly “It is impossible” or “Fu”. They have a very sensitive nose, so you can click on it slightly if the animal has too much curiosity.
If the pet begins to become very impudent or mischievous, you can teach him a lesson with a newspaper, imprisonment in a cage or dip his face in water. It’s not worth buying a predator’s outward appearance, having once given slack, the owner and everyone in the house will be under the control of a ferret. For him, the ideal method of education is the "carrot and stick" method. When the animal realized his mistake and began to correct himself, he should be encouraged for this, for example, give him sweetness. Sausage, sweets, chocolate and cookies are strictly prohibited.
Domestic ferret needs to be carried out cosmetic and hygiene procedures. His claws grow very quickly, for these purposes the use of a special nail file is recommended, but it is better to contact a veterinarian.
It is recommended to bathe the animal twice a month, a larger number of times can only be if necessary, for example, if the animal is very dirty. After swimming, it is necessary to dry the ferret and clean his ears.
The animal needs to do plague vaccines, which carnivores can get sick. One hundred percent of animals die from this disease. Even a pet living at home can get sick by catching the pathogen through the shoes and clothes of the owner who comes from the street. Vaccination should be started from three months, for this, vaccines for dogs "Novibak", "Trivirovak" or "Hexadog" are suitable, the dose should be one third of the dog.
Ten days before vaccination, it is necessary to drive off the worms. Some animals after vaccination may have adverse reactions to the vaccine, so within forty minutes it is not recommended to leave the clinic. You can not vaccinate sick and weak ferrets, pregnant and lactating females, and those with estrus. Since this vaccine very often entails complications, it is recommended to be vaccinated only to those animals that live in unfavorable areas.
The ferret’s teeth must be very carefully looked after, because these animals are prone to diseases of the gums and teeth. The oral cavity is cleaned in the following ways:
- with a brush
- you can carry out oral cleansing in a veterinary clinic.
When the animal is very small, you can brush your teeth with your finger, but as you grow older you need to train the animal to a toothbrush for animals. By keeping your teeth clean, many diseases can be avoided.
How and what to feed a ferret
The animal needs balanced and complete diet. The beast must always have access to water and food. The animal can be fed:
- regular food
- dry food.
It is not recommended to mix food. Proteins (about thirty-eight percent) and fats (about twenty-five percent) should be present in food mainly, fiber and one and a half percent will be enough. Magnesium, calcium and phosphorus are essential for ferrets.
Do not forget that ferrets are carnivores that feed on rodents in the wild. Protein is meat, which should not be very fatty, as well as dairy products and eggs.
Animals also need to be given vitamin and mineral top dressing. Small predators often need to eat, fresh food must always be present in their bowls.
The animal should eat two or three times a day. Servings should be small. Ferrets are very tender and fragile animals, so it is necessary to protect them from heat, cold and drafts. They are very fast and nimble and crawl into the smallest crevices, you can accidentally step on them, and since they like to hide under the covers, they sit by chance.
It is always necessary to check the washing machine before turning it on, as often small predators sit there. Their eyesight is very poor, so jumping from a regular sofa can lead to a broken leg.
How to care for a ferret: general conditions
Ferrets do not require much, their maintenance does not cause severe trouble. However for the pet The following should be considered:
- The animal must have spacious cage. The animal should feel comfortable and free in it. There is an alternative to the cage – this is the content of the animal in the apartment, like an ordinary cat. However, even with this option, it is necessary for the ferret to make his place, so his pipes, labyrinths and various boxes should be.
- The place where the animal wakes for a walk. It is necessary to walk the animal. In winter, you need to walk for at least two hours, and in the summer you can safely go for hours-long walks through the streets and in parks, but you must definitely wear a harness on it.
- Toilet organization. You can make it in a cat tray, and cat mixes are great as fillers.
- Place to sleep. It is necessary to approach the equipment of a berth carefully and thoughtfully. The place to sleep should be quiet and sunny. The animal should sleep on something soft, for example, on a terry towel or bike.