How To Vaccinate Ferrets
Responsible livestock breeders carry out mandatory vaccination of all pets. Vaccinations for a ferret are prescribed and carried out by the veterinarian in strict accordance with the chosen plan. After the mandatory procedures, annual preventive revaccinations of all diseases are prescribed.
Do I need vaccinations
Over the past decades, the choice of pets has expanded. Along with the usual dogs and cats, exotic animals appeared.
Domesticated ferrets retained the predisposition of wild ancestors to infectious diseases. They pose a threat to the life of the animal and its owners.
The ferret that appears in the house requires a routine inspection and annual vaccination against certain strains of the virus. An unvaccinated animal is in danger not only on the street, but also at home. The owner can bring the infection into the house on clothes or shoes, which will be enough for the unprepared immunity of the pet.
What diseases are dangerous
Ferret is characterized by a canine genotype, respectively, and a predisposition to the same diseases. It is not always possible to recognize the disease in time and save the animal. Before buying a new pet, the owners should ask the veterinarian what vaccinations ferrets do.
Short-term attacks of fever, inflamed mucous membranes of the eye and nasal membranes, the affected nervous system, and skin integument indicate plague. The animal’s temperature rises to 40-41 ° C, appetite decreases, apathy, diarrhea, and vomiting develop.
Symptoms are not always the same, therefore, various types of plague are distinguished.
- Catarrhal. Rhinitis and conjunctivitis develop, which are accompanied by serous and purulent discharge from the eyes and nose. The animal breaks through chills, activity decreases, the hair on the face drops out, and the skin is covered with purulent crusts.
- Pulmonary. The disease is manifested by signs characteristic of pneumonia. The animal coughs, often seizures result in vomiting. Hoarseness and panting are determined without a stethoscope, the ferret characteristically arches its back and refuses food.
- Nervous. A vivid example is sudden death in the process of eating. The ferret becomes ill, he squeaks, rotates in a circle and eventually dies. In this case, the chewing and head muscles are convulsively contracted in the animal, which leads to paralysis or epileptic seizures.
The ferret is vaccinated against rabies without fail, since an acute viral disease in neglected form is not treatable. An ailment that affects the nervous system is primarily manifested by apathy and lethargy. The increase in temperature ranges from 1-3 ° C.
Progressing, the disease causes uncontrolled aggression, fear of water. The last stage of rabies is manifested by hind limb paralysis and animal death.
The danger of rabies lies in the tendency of the human body to the virus.
It is characterized by a natural focal infectious disease, which manifests itself in birds, animals and can affect humans. Symptoms include short bouts of fever, icteric staining and hemorrhagic diathesis, necrosis of the mucous membranes, mastitis, the birth of non-viable offspring.
Vaccinations for ferrets were developed based on physical characteristics, age and susceptibility to certain drugs. In veterinary practice, several animal vaccination schemes have been developed.
The first plan includes:
- vaccination against plague in the range of 9-11 weeks;
- rabies vaccination is first carried out at 13-15 weeks;
- from 12 months annual preventive procedures are carried out.
The second plan includes vaccinations for ferrets by age:
- at 6-8 weeks, a plague is vaccinated;
- revaccination is carried out at 10 weeks;
- leptospirosis vaccination – 10 weeks;
- rabies and repeated vaccinations of previous ailments – 11-13 week.
A healthy ferret is allowed to vaccinate, as it interacts with the immune system and can reduce it temporarily. Before going to the veterinary clinic, you need to withstand two-week quarantine, closely monitor the condition of the animal. If there are no serious violations in behavior, then the vaccine will not provoke side effects.
A prerequisite is the run of worms and the removal of fleas, if any. The age of the animal and the number of vaccinations given do not matter. The procedure is carried out without fail before the annual preventive vaccination.
The pet is given the Drontal Junior with the calculation of 1 ml per 1 kg of body weight. If worms appeared in the feces, then the procedure is repeated after 7-10 days. With the complete destruction of parasites, the animal is allowed to be vaccinated 10-14 days after taking the last pill.
Each vaccine has a specific list of prohibitions for vaccination. Common rules include:
- early age of the animal;
- partial change of teeth;
- unhealthy appearance;
- gestation and lactation;
- postoperative period;
- immediately after the use of an anthelmintic;
- the interval between vaccinations is less than 14 days;
- rapid weight loss;
- taking other drugs.
The period after the procedure
Vaccinations to ferrets are made by specialists in veterinary clinics. The development of active immunity occurs 10-14 days after the procedure.
This is the quarantine period: the pet is isolated from drafts and other unvaccinated pets, avoids water procedures. Complications after vaccination are rare, but the following reactions are possible:
- false-true disease is observed in animals that have had the disease shortly before vaccination;
- the allergy is highly acute, is represented by Quincke’s edema and / or anaphylactic shock, symptoms develop within 60 minutes after the procedure.
The first hour after vaccination is best spent in a veterinary clinic to exclude the development of allergic reactions.
In the event of a worsening of the condition, experienced veterinarians will provide emergency clinical care to the animal.
It is recommended to watch the changes in the ferret’s behavior for 3 days, and seek advice with suspicious signs. If the animal has been vaccinated without problems, the date of the next scheduled vaccination is assigned.
To instill a pet means to take care of him and his health. Ferrets are prone to the infectious diseases to which humans are exposed. An integral rule of maintenance is the vaccination card, which indicates all mandatory and preventive vaccinations.